These are the African countries that censor the internet the most – Africa Quartz

While Africa’s future depends embracing technologyEspecially in providing a fast, reliable and affordable internet connectionMany African governments are quick to shut down the internet when they serve it well.

In the past four years, close to the citizens Half of African countries I experienced an internet outage.

In all cases, the shutdowns have occurred during conflicts or during elections where current governments block online access to political information.

This has had a detrimental effect on the overall African economy which is still at the bottom of the global digital economy. Internet dusk means thousands of hours lost by businesses operating online through e-commerce and social commerce, and that has translated into Losing billions of dollars. In 2019, the shutdown of the internet and social media cost the continent More than 2 billion dollars.

Online businesses in Africa have lost thousands of hours of working time

In Ethiopia, a total of 3,657 hours were lost and It costs the country $100 millionwith the first event from January 2020 to the end of June 2020 in Western Oromia according to British technology research firm Comparitech.

Another followed in November 2020 in the Tigray region after the outbreak of war and lasted until December 15 when some services were restored.

The Twitter ban in Nigeria from June 5, 2021 to January 13, 2022 affected about 104.4 million internet users in the country, and Cost the country about $367 million According to Welsh VPN Top10VPN.

Comparitech estimates that during Uganda’s 2020 presidential election, the “Pearl of Africa” ​​was Lost $10 million in business revenue in 30 days. The government went ahead with arresting those who tried to access social media through virtual private networks (VPNs). The state also imposes a tax on social media.

Cutting off the internet and social media is costing Africa billions

In 2020, Chad experienced the longest shutdown with WhatsApp It has been blocked for 3,912 hours At a total cost of more than $20 million. The closure began on July 22 and lasted until the end of the year.

Tanzania, whose government has been cutting off media freedom since 2015, had a 1,584-hour internet blackout in 2020 at a cost of more than $600 million.

In 2019, a report by Top10VPN indicated that a total of 12 African governments shut down internet services, resulting in an error Total loss of $2 billion. These were Sudan, Algeria, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, Mauritania, Egypt, Benin, Gabon, Eritrea and Liberia.

Zimbabwe, Togo, Burundi, Chad, Mali and Guinea also restricted access to the internet or social media apps in 2020.

In 2019, there were 25 documented cases of partial or total internet shutdowns, compared to 20 in 2018 and 12 in 2017, according to Access Now, an independent watchdog group.

In 2018, Sudanese authorities cut off internet access for 68 consecutive days to quell protests that culminated in a military coup the following year. In June and July 2019, Sudan immersed itself in “Turn off mobile internet more widely“For another 36 days. In total, I lost $2 billion.

Access to the internet and social media was cut off hours before the general elections on March 21, 2021 in the Republic of the Congo.

In April 2022, Kenya He distanced himself from listing in the United States Among the 60 signatories to an agreement obligating members to arbitrarily shut down the Internet.

Kenya, Cape Verde, Niger, and Senegal were the only African countries on the US-led “Declaration on the Future of the Internet” (DFI).

DFI also obligates member states to refrain from using the Internet to undermine electoral infrastructure and influence election results.